Pulmology is a medical field and a branch of internal medicine that deals with the diagnosis and treatment of lung and respiratory disease.
Pulmonary treatment usually begins with a general medical examination, and then it is reduced to the focused treatment of a focal point of the pulmonary problem.
Pulmology is a branch of internal medicine that deals with the diagnosis and treatment of lung diseases such as inflammation (nose, sinus, sore throat, bronchus and lungs), asthma, bronchitis and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD).
A pulmonary specialist examination begins with a patient and a doctor during which the doctor collects all the necessary information about the patient and family (determination of the tendency to allergic diseases), the current disease and its course (personal history), and then performs a detailed clinical examination. In case of medical indication and the need for a more detailed examination of the lung function, the doctor will propose spirometry, and if it is a disturbance of the respiratory system caused by an allergic reaction in the outpatient clinic, allergic tests for inhalation allergens can be made.
Spirometry (word means “breath measurement”) is the most common method for measuring pulmonary function. It is used to measure pulmonary volume and lung capacity and airflow velocity during breathing and breathing. Spirometry is an extremely valuable and irreplaceable method when discovering and evaluating the condition of people with asthma, allergies, COPD. It is performed in the following way: the patient breathes the air out of the environment, and then the fastest way that he can blow the air from the lungs to the appliance. In doing so, it is important to follow the doctor’s instructions for performing the search because the patient’s cooperation and the proper technique of performing is necessary for the correct interpretation of the findings. For more accuracy, testing is performed several times in a row. Special pre-search preparation is not required.
X-RAY – Each doctor’s examination of a pulmonologist also involves taking X-ray lungs. One of the most serious indications for the application of this diagnostic method is the coughing of blood. X-rays of the lungs are also performed during preoperative preparation of the patient, then if there is a suspicion of the existence of a serious lung disease of the type of sarcoidosis, pneumothorax, pulmonary lupus, lung tumor, tuberculosis, parasitic diseases, or when the results of treatment of these diseases and the effect of the applied therapy are monitored.